Evonne in Wanderland Re-Launch

e-in-w
evonneinwanderland.net
I’ve never realized this about myself but I’ve always had a vested interest in creative content. Originally, it was more of an online diary I published more for myself but it began to grow and expand to talk and share other things such as travel, cooking, and beauty. It reached not only myself but a community outside my world and I fell in love with it.
You may not know me but maybe we have a thing or two in common. Perhaps you and I can relate to similar life experiences or passions or you find something that inspires you to do something or step out of your comfort zone.
Come check out my world, wherever you are. I want to show you what I see, learn, and grow from. Join me in exploring this world we all call home.
Come check it out my new website at:
I can’t wait to see you all again!

The Hunger Diaries: Internationally Putting It Into Perspective

Can we really end world hunger? If so, what do we need to know about it and do we have a solution to it? Continue reading to find out!

gandhi

To end world hunger, one of the first steps to making it happen is to raise awareness. Many of us do not know nor understand the complexities of what creates hunger or world poverty specific to a region. So the first step to ending world hunger is educating the population and creating awareness. In empowering action and participation of people by engagement with dialogue pertaining to food system issues, this will not only educate people on the causes and consequences of hunger, it will allow people to make informed, appropriate decisions on how to take action on them.

To fully understand the topic of hunger, I have asked multiple friends from across the world their opinion on world hunger because my definition alone will not capture the whole picture of world hunger. This allowed me to incorporate not only my definition but many others on the understandings of the global issue of hunger that may align with myself and many of you readers!

The question I have asked my friends were more or less the same three general questions:

1. What is your definition of hunger?

2. What do you think is the cause of it?

3. Do we have a solution for it?

Include a picture that encapsulates your definition or solution to world hunger.

school

Joyful (Philippines): 

Hunger is not having enough food on the table for the day.

 I think the cause of this world hunger is the unequal distribution of food resources on different parts of the world. Other parts of the globe have an abundance of food, while others are struggling and dying of hunger. With the right government intervention to support projects to lessen world hunger, like making use of possible resources around the area, every country may have enough resources of their own (maybe others just have yet to find out). Or it could also begin with the common citizens, like building a cause for people who have less. With that, they also encourage the community and other people to do the same.

kitchen

Ellen (D.C., USA): 

My definition of hunger is a strong craving for needs/rights (food, education, aspirations). Because much of it include disparities in health/access to resourcesSolutions include humanitarian efforts, building stronger networks, reshaping built environments (e.g. cities, suburbs etc) to ease access to certain things (make things within walking distance rather than assuming everyone can afford cars).

feeling
How I feel when I’m hungry. Photo by Martin Chan.
Martin Chan (Hong Kong): 

I think hunger is a sensation that reminds us to eat food. But for hunger as a social problem, it is caused by the shortage of food in the population rather than a short term personal sensation. The causes behind such shortage include many factors with one notably as poverty among the population, as they cannot afford to buy food. Improving economy and public welfare may help alleviate such problems.

philippines

img_9098

I noticed that these people had limited access to food, so seeing their face lit up when we were feeding them warmed my heart, especially since my dad lived in the poorer part of the village (San Carlos, Pangasinan, Philippines). Photo by Kristi Calimlim.

Kristi (Calgary, Canada): Being hungry is the slight physical discomfort you get when a person skip a meal. Feeling starved can make a person extremely weak, unfocused, and have incapability to perform even the simplest tasks. For people who don’t have unlimited access to food, feeling malnourished meant that they are not receiving sufficient vitamins and nutrients that their body would need to function well leading to possible health issues. When people such as those who live in developing countries don’t have adequate access to food resources who are not intaking enough nutrients to maintain a healthy weight. Because our country and other developed countries can attain sustainable food resources, there are many ways we can contribute our time and commitment to stop world hunger: providing food bank donations, support small farmers, have government partner with food organizations, and educate people about food resources and sharing these resources equally (prevent land grabbing). 

viet2bkitch

india
General class waiting to board the train (India). Photo by Kha.

Ben (India):

That’s really complicated! Hunger is linked with multiple factors such as poverty, lack of resources and government. Also, education is huge. This has more to do so with poverty as hunger is just a feeling. I can be hungry right now but I’m not in poverty.

tanzania
Rural village (Tanzania). Photo by Hania Lange.

 

 Hania (Poland):

Hunger is a state in which your body lacks nutritional needs. World hunger is a condition that effects people all around the world. It is also referred to extreme conditions like malnutrition. Knowledge about world hunger should motivate us to do something about it, act upon it. One of the reasons why there is food hunger in the world is because of climate change. People living in warmer countries, for example Egypt, have limited options for crops because of the dry soil. Another reason is because of poverty. People who have not enough money cannot buy food for themselves or in many cases for their families. Another reason is war. People who are forced to flee their homes and leave what they possess are suffering from hunger because they cannot afford food. So how do we solve world hunger? Definitely by starting campaigns which would spread awareness and supporting organizations which try to prevent hunger.

Jean (Calgary, Canada): 

It’s hard to pinpoint one definite cause of hunger. Social, political, historical, economic factors and much more contribute to who goes hungry and who doesn’t. Specific cases like hunger in Canada amongst the homeless could be caused by a combination of a lack of mental awareness, aid with addiction, the cost if living, etc. I went to Brasil and I saw hunger caused by a disparity between the working class and the privileged and the struggle for the working class to make a decent living under a less than perfect government. There are maybe commonalities for hunger around the world which may include things like access to food, bills to pay, unemployment rates, rising or falling currency, etc. I obviously am no professional or have any real depth as to how to eradicate hunger but some ideas that come to mind focus not on setting up organizations to feed people but setting up programs that give people the autonomy/resources to feed themselves. Maybe that includes increasing minimum wage, which is what is happening right now, so people can afford proper wholesome food. Or rehabilitation or therapy programs to help people overcome obstacles in their life that prevent them from feeding themselves. Maybe it’s just educating young people venturing out into the world proper financing and saving skills.

meg.jpg
“The Contributor focuses on the issues surrounding homelessness and poverty, and is sold on the street, by homeless and formerly homeless individuals who keep the profit. – The Contributor”
Megan (Chicago, USA):
I define hunger as the state when someone does not have the money, resources, etc to have 3 healthy meals a day. I think the main cause is the inequity in the world and how someone can work hard and work multiple jobs and still be at or below the poverty line. Also, people who go to failing schools and don’t have a chance to go to college or a vocational school to get what they need to have a job that can provide for them.
Katie (Australia): 
My definition of hunger is an overall emptiness. A feeling which cannot be satisfied whether it be physically, emotionally, spiritually. I think the cause of hunger is the lack of love and the lack of awareness of others. I feel countries with more than enough wealth, do not tend to focus on those in need and the ones who are hungry. The solution to world hunger will never be easy, but it is obtainable. I believe more efforts are needed to feed the hungry, instead of going to wars or focusing on political matters would be at least a good start to a solution. I feel like more awareness and participation would help aid foundations that want to help as well.
Reina (Osaka, Japan):
Hunger is a situation where people are constantly worrying about what they are going to eat. A possible solution is people who are in the first world know about the situation and what’s behind it. And of course no war.
————————————————————————–
Kim (Belgium): 
I have to be honest, I don’t know much about the famine around the world. When I was a kid I used to lay awake, not understanding how the rich just didn’t collect their money to help the ones in need. My mother shrugged her shoulders with a painful face when I asked her and that was that. I pondered on it for years, but those thoughts faded away while I grew up. Other things became more important: my degree, my boyfriends, my health, … Mine, mine, mine. And I guess that answered my question. We do care about the poor and the hungry. But in the end, we get absorbed by our own life. And sometimes we start a benefit, donate some money, go to Vietnam to feed the poor for a few weeks and then we go back to our routine. And I don’t mean that we’re monsters. It’s just that at the same time we feel helpless and try to turn the other side. Because of the fact that they don’t eat, we get eaten up inside if we care too much. That’s why I included a picture of Kevin Carter. He got a Pulitzer Prize for it and committed suicide two months after because he couldn’t handle all this violence and misery. The people who want to do something often don’t know what to do. So I don’t know the cause, there are probably a million of them. Mostly wars I guess.
The solution? We need a massive group of people who actually care. People who check that the gained resources go to the right places. People who put themselves aside to serve the greater good. People who don’t live their own life anymore so others can live. But I’m afraid that’s a lost cause. Because most of us don’t even want to share our country. People start arguing because other people change their profile picture for the attacks in France, because apparently that’s the problem. Hell, I see people risking their own and other lives in traffic just to be 5 minutes earlier home. And then there are those few who don’t talk or act, but feel something. Those who welcome refugees at the train station. Those who cry when they see Aylan laying on the beach.
Those who linger when they watch the news and think: How can we solve this? There must be a solution. I think that it’s mostly the fact that we don’t have any idea what to do. Sometimes we can donate money, sometimes we can bring some old stuff to camps, and sometimes we can put a Facebook status to show that we actually care. But we don’t know how to go further than that. We need a plan, we need action, we need money and we need a leader. Someone and something that will persuade us and shows us that we’re actually doing something good. Because that’s also part of the human soul: we don’t just want to help, we want to see results.
 ———————————————————————-
  • Asking other people their definition on hunger and seeing their perspective and understanding made me realize everyone’s answers contain parts of the truth on this issue surrounding hunger. We all understand the underlying causes of hunger to some degree. It’s insightful as the collection of peoples perspective and experience allows others to look at the problem in a different light they may not have previously seen. This creates greater depth as it integrates peoples worldview, knowledge, and experience of the world as we all come together to see and understand different aspects of it.

Interestingly enough, this was not any easy question that could be answered by the respondents on the spot. The magnitude of this problem is just astounding. But there’s no right or wrong answer.

The World Food Program (2015) estimates:

795 million people in the world do not have enough food to lead a healthy active life. That’s about one in nine people on earth.”

“Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total.”

” Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence (percentage of population) of hunger. One person in four there is undernourished.”

fao-infographic-nutrition-en-page-001

In addition to the definitions provided by everyone above, if we were to define hunger in a global context, it is not limited to the mere hunger pangs of an empty stomach. According to Nah and Chau (2010), hunger arises from the inability to obtain the proper nutrients needed to maintain growth and a healthy lifestyle. Hunger is not limited to the sensation and includes the inability for an individual to achieve their cognitive or physical potential due to dietary inadequacy. Another thing to note is hunger is a consequence of several limiting factors in a developing country (though it is applicable to developed countries as well) that can be seen below.

      Many factors must be considered in order to understand hunger. A common misconception is hunger is it’s caused by a shortage of food in an area. It is true in the case of drought or other unpredictable weather conditions and having no access to transportation to transport food is one exception. But that may not always be the case. Through increased efficiency and innovation, we have enough food in the world to feed every man, woman, child in the world. Hunger is cause by the unequal distribution of food, poverty, lack of infrastructure and public services (e.g., health care).

Factors of World Hunger

Why Some Countries Are Poor and Others Rich

This is not all of the factors but are some of the major ones that contribute to world hunger/poverty.

Lack of Infrastructure

Now this was mentioned many times throughout this post but what does it mean for a country to have a lack of infrastructure? It’s everything you would expected to find in a developed country. Things such as an adequate system for transporting and water treatment plants, electricity, and heating. Accessibility to basic health care facilities and transportation are also significant and the same goes for infrastructure that need to be resilient to environmental shocks such as earthquakes and floods. Many developing countries do not have developed systems for transporting safe water and as a result spend an hours to obtain clean water. Children and women are typically the ones to do these tasks. The United Nations (UN) has estimated in sub-saharan Africa, 40 billion hours a year is spent on collecting water. That time can be spent doing other things such as getting an education, cooking, working, etc.

Food Insecurity

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines food security as:

“existing when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet dietary needs for a productive and healthy life.”

A community may have markets that sell an abundance of food but if people cannot afford food or choose the foods they wish to consume due to limited economic finances or other reasons, they are food insecure. This suggests economical development is crucial to allow people the autonomy to build their livelihoods and provide for themselves. Many factors interconnect to food security such as poverty and all other factors mentioned. Food security can come from a lack of resources available for an individual.

War

Many countries in the Middle East, Africa, and much more are war-torn. This is problematic as people are forced to flee from their home to protect their safety. Not only are civilians removed of their assets (e.g., farms, home), this strips children of the opportunity to attend school and increases the likelihood of malnutrition and its consequences of all.

 In many developing countries, poverty which creates the issue of hunger arise from war and political corruption. For example, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), many terrorists groups attack rural villages robbing communities of their assets and livelihoods. In many cases, terrorists groups cannot continue without funds and collect financial capital for their cause through disguising themselves as legitimate businesses or charities (Nester, 2010). It creates a great deal of consideration of the impact we may indirectly have on hungry from our purchasing choices.

Conflict Minerals
new-iphone-5-vs-samsung-galaxy-s-iii-comparison-642x4811
Minerals such as tin, tantalum, gold, tungsten, can originate from unverified sources. Many workers and porters involved are often exploited and profits are made to fuel more violence (Clancy, 2016). These are minerals that come from unknown sources and are often exploited creating a system that supports child labor, rape, war, and a lot of alarming things. The profits are used to fuel wars that impact communities and innocent people. We may not be aware of it but much of these metals are found in traces of items incorporated into items we purchase and make use of daily. Items can range from the wires from a bra strap to the materials that make up our smartphone can fuel and continue to sustain war-torn, unstable, environment in developing countries.

 

Testing their metal: The new tech sector focus on conflict minerals

Read more: http://www.ibtimes.com/congos-conflict-minerals-us-companies-struggle-trace-tantalum-tungsten-tin-gold-their-2102323

Is your phone conflict free? If it’s from Apple or Samsung, no, says Amnesty International

Read more: http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/amnesty-international-conflict-cobalt-report-news/#ixzz4070slPKg

 

http://daraint.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/congo©-Lynsey-AddarioCorbis.jpg

Some of the leading questions I have when I think of world hunger/poverty include:

How can we implement solutions on world hunger that are sustainable? In other words, how can we stimulate local economies, make positive impacts that are not detrimental to the environment, and inspire youth leadership among community for future growth initiatives?


How can we help build and rebuild communities empowering them to sustain their livelihoods and prevent creating a dependancy on foreign aid?


What is the root of the underlying problem and how should we go about addressing it?


Consequences of hunger

wasting-page-001

Depending on whether one is deficient in micro-, macro-nutrients, or both, the general trends towards them are similar. Micronutrient deficiencies (e.g., lack of adequate intake of Vitamin A, D, C, B, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Selenium) impact physical and cognitive development in young children inhibiting children from reaching their full potential. For adults it may impact productivity impacting the economy and the ability to provide for the family. In addition, macronutrient deficiencies such as protein can cause wasting and and/or stunting

stunting-page-001

More info on Stunting/Wasting/Obesity/Anemia:

The reality of eradicating world hunger

If we hold the answer and resources to ending world hunger, then why does it feel like we are not doing anything or making any progress? You may have remembered Kim’s response to topic of world hunger and she has brought up a real significant perspective. We do care about ending hunger and poverty. No one wishes for other people to be in that place. As human beings, we all have the same goal in creating a life for ourselves in this world. But we are very invested in our lives. We are constantly kept busy with our fast paced lifestyle faced with overcoming one obstacle after another. There will be may be other priorities and concerns such as paying off a debt, starting a family, buying a house,  travelling, building a career, and the list goes on. And that’s okay to be busy. That’s just how life is. We do not have to donate a huge sum of money to an organization or travel across the world to a rural village to build wells or donate our time to the community to make an impact. We can initiate change right where we are.

So why should we care? 

Because unknowingly, our choices and actions impact another human being or a population somewhere in this world.

Now what? 

Initiating change comes from the knowledge we have of our world, through awareness of our choices and the impact of our actions. In modern times, we live in a very globalized world where we are inadvertently interconnected to the people, places, and things in this world. 

 

So what can we do to end world hunger?

“It is the greatest of all mistakes to do nothing because you can only do little – do what you can.”

– Sydney Smith (British writer and cleric, 1771-1845) 

Doing nothing is not a solution. Any action we take big or small does have an impact. There is so much we can do, we just have to know what’s out there and understand the underlying root of hunger before we take action. This blog post aims to empower people to take actions big or small the issue of world hunger on a global and/or local level which can make a difference.

We have to be careful though. Although many of us and organizations have good intentions and would like to contribute our knowledge and time, foreign aid may not always be the best solution to address long term food system issues. If you think about it, many experts from developed countries such as ourselves have taken on problems in developing communities through a Needs-based Approach. What this means is we come into a community, look at their problem, and create a solution the community members can follow up on. This may be problematic because not only are we creating a dependency of community members on us, we look at what’s wrong in the community without building off on what their doing right

A new perspective that has gained positive attention and has proven to be effective is a perspective called Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD). This is a new approach that focuses on members of the communities to take charge on the developmental process through their existing assets (i.e., their skills and knowledge). In other words, they drive their own change (Mathie & Cunningham, 2003). This is effective because the community itself has extensive knowledge on the current issue, geography, culture, and much more that will help them overcome obstacles to help them thrive. Foreign help is limited to providing resources communities may lack such as knowledge or financial capital.

What can we do?

The world is doing so much to lessen the impact of hunger on communities. Although international aid is crucial to addressing immediate issues such as environmental disasters (e.g., earthquakes, floods), it is only a band aid solution that is short-term. They must be complemented with careful planning to address long term issues in a region. Donating hundreds or thousands of dollars to make a difference is not necessary to address world poverty because the first step to creating change is to understand the problem.  It’s a continuous trial and error and we are steering into the right direction on how to go about this situation.

Rural communities are typically the most at risk for poverty, hunger, and micronutrient deficiency due to a lack of infrastructure, economic development, and can be inaccessible to reach when aid or supplies are needed. A company called Grey for Good have developed an innovative way to tackle the prevalence of iodine deficiency for women in rural India. The Bindi spots worn on the daily by women are infused with iodine and has the same technology as nicotine spots.

 

The Cola Run

Diarrheal mortality creates zinc deficiency and is prevalent in children and accounts for 800 000 deaths per year. WHO recommends 10-14 days of supplementation to combat against zinc deficiency (Rideout., 2016). In places such as rural villages, supplementation and fortified foods are inaccessible but interestingly, products such as Coca Cola can easily be reached almost everywhere including rural villages.

So can these items be distributed?

An experiment was conducted by piggy backing zinc supplements into the distribution chain of Coca Cola by putting the supplements into the crates. By creating an entry system, these supplements have found their place in the market which had an  economic benefit to the local community and markets.

The Peepoo Toilet

peepoo-bag-how-5

Many developing countries lack proper infrastructure to properly dispose human excrements. Consequently, this can contaminate drinking water and cause spread of disease and increased infection that can contribute to secondary malnutrition as it may impair absorption of important nutrients. This Peepoo bag is biodegradable and prevents contamination of feces in the environment. The organization claims “After use, Peepoo turns into valuable fertiliser that can improve livelihoods and increase food security.” – Peepoople.

More information: http://www.peepoople.com/peepoo/start-thinking-peepoo/

 

What can we do?

Mealshare

Mealshare is a social enterprise that originates in Vancouver. Partnering restaurants, donate a meal with every menu item purchase to communities members in need. In addition, this enterprise spreads awareness on hungers and allocates money to local and global organizations such as Save the Children Canada

More information can be found here!

http://www.mealshare.ca/why-we-exist/how-it-works/

UNICEF Tap Project

tap-project

“The UNICEF Tap Project challenges you to put down your phone and help save children’s lives. This year’s initiative provided clean, safe water for children around the world by encouraging you to stop texting, calling, emailing, tweeting and posting — and challenge your friends to do the same. Millions of children around the globe do not have safe, clean water to drink, and the lack of this basic necessity is not merely inconvenient — it can be lethal. Time donations are now inactive, but you can still go without your phone and donate to support the UNICEF Tap Project.”

This app can be found in the app store!

Source: https://tap.unicefusa.org

Have you ever heard of Kiva?

6242481_300x300
http://kiva.org
Kiva is a non-profit organization which aims to alleviate poverty through a platform connecting people willing to lend money to low-income individuals (usually entrepreneurs) across the globe. This is a great way to donate (but not really if you wish) and get the money you’ve lent back!

 

Adopting a more sustainable diet?
lessmeat
Inputs and outputs to meat production.

Faced with an increase in the world population (i.e., expected to reach nine billion by 2050) and due to the rising demand of meat causes detrimental effects on the environment. Meat production is very energy intensive. It requires many inputs including water and feed and expels outputs into the environment such as feces and methane gas that contributes to global warming. In shifting the demand of meat to alternative sources (e.g., insects, vegetarian diets), less water and feeds will be demanded from our already scarce resources.

These are just a few ways we can get involved in ending world hunger. There are many more initiatives going on around the world that have yet to be known, created, and discovered. So what is your opinion and definition on hunger? Feel free to share or comment down below!

 

I would also love to hear from you guys. Comment down below or send me a message on your opinions and feedback!

 

hunger2bpov

References

  • Hunger Statistics | WFP | United Nations World Food Programme – Fighting Hunger Worldwide. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2016, from https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats
  • Mathie, A., & Cunningham, G. (2003). From clients to citizens: Asset-based community development as a strategy for community-driven development. Development in Practice, 13(5), 474-486. doi:10.1080/0961452032000125857

 

  • Nester, W. R., & Palgrave Connect Political & International Studies Collection 2011. (2010). Globalization, war, and peace in the twenty-first century (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.